In the year 64 AD, the Apostle Peter was crucified upside down near the obelisk at the Circus of Nero. He was buried nearby at the necropolis of the Vatican hill. That obelisk, brought from Egypt by the Romans, was witness to the martyrdom of the first Vicar of Christ, and it still stands today, in St. Peter’s Square, home of the iconic church of Catholicism: St. Peter’s Basilica. Words are not enough, not even pictures are enough! It is one of the places that you simply have to see for yourself if you ever can.
The Throne of St Peter, with the Four Great Doctors of the Church:
The Great Dome:
The original design of the second basilica:
St Peter’s hosts the celebration of the canonization of Mother Cabrini:
The best view of Rome is at the top of the dome (you can climb up for ~€6):
Below the main level there is the crypt, the resting place of many popes and princes. Here on that level is the Clementine Chapel:
Below the crypt level is the Vatican Necropolis, and the scientifically certified remains of St. Peter himself, directly under the main altar of the basilica:
And there we have it. The Four Archbasilicas of Rome, St Peter’s, St Paul Outside the Walls, St Mary Major, and St John Lateran–all places of extreme importance in the course of Christian history.